Chronic Gingivostomatitis, faucitis or lymphocytic plasmacytic stomatitis are all terms used to describe a long lasting infection and inflammation of the Gingiva (Gum) that has spread past the gum margin onto other areas of the mouth in the oral tissues. This disease is not fully understood yet but it is believed to be the immune systems response to Plaque and Tartar build up on the teeth. This disease is considerably more common in Cats than Dogs.
If an animal has Chronic Gingivostomatitis then its gums may take the appear of being red and ulcerated meaning that bleeding in frequent. The back on the mouth, tongue and folds of the lip can also be similarly affected. Animals suffering from this condition will suffer from a poor appetite due to oral pains. If the animal is a cat than the coat of the animal may be in poorer condition than normal as the Cat may have stopped grooming due to the oral pains. Frequent salivation and bad breath in animals may also indicate this condition.
As aforementioned this condition is not fully understood yet but it is believed to be caused by non treated long term oral conditions that stem from plaque. Sometime it is also believed to be caused by the immune system that is trying to respond to plaque buildup on the teeth surface area.
Chronic Gingivostomatitis is often associated with other disease also so under treatment it is vitally important that these diseases are treated first. The animal may be required to go through multiple screening sessions to test the blood and viral infections of the animal. Full mouth X-Rays will normally be taken and examination under general anesthesia should be taken to check for other oral and dental disease.
As this disease is not fully understood currently, treatments can be suggested but they may not be known to be successful. It is recommended as a generally rule that the animals oral hygiene should be well maintained and the correct or altered diets should be used in conjunction with care or medication to help cut down or slow down these diseases.
Another useful thing is to closely examine the animals teeth on a frequent basis. This allows you to notice disease earlier on which means a more effective treatment, regular visits to veterinary centers for oral examinations will help also. Even something as simple as brushing your animals teeth a few times will greatly cut the risk.